Source code for volatility3.plugins.yarascan

# This file is Copyright 2019 Volatility Foundation and licensed under the Volatility Software License 1.0
# which is available at

import logging
from typing import Any, Dict, Iterable, List, Tuple

from volatility3.framework import interfaces, renderers
from volatility3.framework.configuration import requirements
from volatility3.framework.interfaces import plugins
from volatility3.framework.layers import resources
from volatility3.framework.renderers import format_hints

vollog = logging.getLogger(__name__)

    import yara

    if tuple([int(x) for x in yara.__version__.split(".")]) < (3, 8):
        raise ImportError
except ImportError:
        "Python Yara (>3.8.0) module not found, plugin (and dependent plugins) not available"

[docs]class YaraScanner(interfaces.layers.ScannerInterface): _version = (2, 0, 0) # yara.Rules isn't exposed, so we can't type this properly def __init__(self, rules) -> None: super().__init__() if rules is None: raise ValueError("No rules provided to YaraScanner") self._rules = rules self.st_object = not tuple([int(x) for x in yara.__version__.split(".")]) < ( 4, 3, ) def __call__( self, data: bytes, data_offset: int ) -> Iterable[Tuple[int, str, str, bytes]]: for match in self._rules.match(data=data): if self.st_object: for match_string in match.strings: for instance in match_string.instances: yield ( instance.offset + data_offset, match.rule, match_string.identifier, instance.matched_data, ) else: for offset, name, value in match.strings: yield (offset + data_offset, match.rule, name, value)
[docs]class YaraScan(plugins.PluginInterface): """Scans kernel memory using yara rules (string or file).""" _required_framework_version = (2, 0, 0) _version = (1, 2, 0) # TODO: When the major version is bumped, take the opportunity to rename the yara_rules config to yara_string # or something that makes more sense
[docs] @classmethod def get_requirements(cls) -> List[interfaces.configuration.RequirementInterface]: """Returns the requirements needed to run yarascan directly, combining the TranslationLayerRequirement and the requirements from get_yarascan_option_requirements.""" return cls.get_yarascan_option_requirements() + [ requirements.TranslationLayerRequirement( name="primary", description="Memory layer for the kernel", architectures=["Intel32", "Intel64"], ) ]
[docs] @classmethod def get_yarascan_option_requirements( cls, ) -> List[interfaces.configuration.RequirementInterface]: """Returns the requirements needed for the command lines options used by yarascan. This can then also be used by other plugins that are using yarascan. This does not include a TranslationLayerRequirement or a ModuleRequirement.""" return [ requirements.BooleanRequirement( name="insensitive", description="Makes the search case insensitive", default=False, optional=True, ), requirements.BooleanRequirement( name="wide", description="Match wide (unicode) strings", default=False, optional=True, ), requirements.StringRequirement( name="yara_rules", description="Yara rules (as a string)", optional=True ), requirements.URIRequirement( name="yara_file", description="Yara rules (as a file)", optional=True ), # This additional requirement is to follow suit with upstream, who feel that compiled rules could potentially be used to execute malicious code # As such, there's a separate option to run compiled files, as happened with yara-3.9 and later requirements.URIRequirement( name="yara_compiled_file", description="Yara compiled rules (as a file)", optional=True, ), requirements.IntRequirement( name="max_size", default=0x40000000, description="Set the maximum size (default is 1GB)", optional=True, ), ]
[docs] @classmethod def process_yara_options(cls, config: Dict[str, Any]): rules = None if config.get("yara_rules", None) is not None: rule = config["yara_rules"] if rule[0] not in ["{", "/"]: rule = f'"{rule}"' if config.get("case", False): rule += " nocase" if config.get("wide", False): rule += " wide ascii" rules = yara.compile( sources={"n": f"rule r1 {{strings: $a = {rule} condition: $a}}"} ) elif config.get("yara_source", None) is not None: rules = yara.compile(source=config["yara_source"]) elif config.get("yara_file", None) is not None: rules = yara.compile( file=resources.ResourceAccessor().open(config["yara_file"], "rb") ) elif config.get("yara_compiled_file", None) is not None: rules = yara.load( file=resources.ResourceAccessor().open( config["yara_compiled_file"], "rb" ) ) else: vollog.error("No yara rules, nor yara rules file were specified") return rules
def _generator(self): rules = self.process_yara_options(dict(self.config)) layer = self.context.layers[self.config["primary"]] for offset, rule_name, name, value in layer.scan( context=self.context, scanner=YaraScanner(rules=rules) ): yield 0, (format_hints.Hex(offset), rule_name, name, value)
[docs] def run(self): return renderers.TreeGrid( [ ("Offset", format_hints.Hex), ("Rule", str), ("Component", str), ("Value", bytes), ], self._generator(), )